Final Project

Defending Statement

This two minute film has stock footage that I downloaded from YouTube, it is white smoke drifting down from above the camera. Very generic, unidentifiable and free.

The other clip added into my film from YouTube is the silhouette of the dancing woman, I have been changed this clip. I have transformed it to the point where you could only recognise it if you held up the original clip next to it.

The background footage is my own, that I shot with my own camera.

The music I have put over the top of this film and edited the visuals to is completely copyright free.


I filmed some footage of fireworks with my D90 Nikon and created a kaleidoscope effect in Adobe Premiere Pro. I then layered a white silhouette of a woman dancing over the top on the mostly black background, that i found on YouTube. I found my music track on I then layered white smoke on top of everything.


I wanted my film to be mostly symmetrical, just because I find it very pleasing to the eye. It gives me a sense of gratification. I also wanted to keep the music very simple so that the audience would stay focused of the dancer and the fireworks.


Final Project

Creative Commons

Creative Commons was founded in 2002 by Lawrence Lessig. Creative Commons is a nonprofit organisation that enables the sharing and use of creativity and knowledge through free legal tools. It is a very large community that shares what they have, whether they be photographs, videos, music or ideas.They build infrastructure at Creative Commons, but is the users themselves that create the content.

“Our vision is nothing less than realizing the full potential of the Internet — universal access to research, education, and full participation in culture — for driving a new era of development, growth, and productivity.”

It is this community working together to create together and learn together. Creative commons educates other people on copyright so that they can share their work the way they want to. Creative Commons understands that the internet is changing and they must as well. The possibilities for creativity on the Internet have grown at an enormous rate and the creative licenses Creative Common made when they first founded their company must continue to grow and transform just as quickly. Creative Commons is still far from Its goal. Creators are still using traditional copyright practices.

Creative Commons plans to serve the needs of this changing world in which passive consumers have become active creators. Creative Commons not only wants to help our culture and education thrive and be the best it could possibly be. Creative Commons also wants to help government because publicly funded resources should be openly licensed and freely available. Sciences also can benefit in how research is conducted and shared.

Creative Commons

Final Blog Post

  1. In my blog post about sampling I touch on what sampling is and talk about it in a music context. I let you know where you can find examples of sampling in everyday music, as it is more common than you think.
  2. This blog post is about how I remix and what program I find to be the best for me. As well as write about my process of my final project for remix.
  3. I decided that copyright and Negativland would be interesting to write about as we talked a bit about this band in class. I write about their views and what they have done to push copyright in the right direction.
  4. This post was probably my favorite to write, it is bout a group of female artists called Guerrilla Girls. I write about how the use brandalism to get and hold peoples attention to educate them about the art industry.
  5. I then finished with Creative Commons and what an amazing community it is. I also write about how Creative Commons is trying to make itself better and more available to everyone.
Final Blog Post

Guerrilla Girls Using Brandalism

Guerrilla Girls are an anonymous group of female artists that use brandalism to fight sexism and racism within the art world. They formed in 1985 and their members are known for the snarling gorilla masks they wear to remain anonymous.

“…anonymous do-gooders like Robin Hood, Wonder Woman and Batman. We expose sexism, racism and corruption in politics, art, film and pop culture using facts, humor and outrageous visuals. We reveal the understory, the subtext, the overlooked, the and the downright unfair.”


[no title] 1985-90 Guerrilla Girls null Purchased 2003

Apart of what the Guerrilla Girls do is create posters, stickers, billboards and artwork. When the Guerrilla Girls were first formed they started to conduct “weenie counts,” where members would go to museums and count the male to female subject ratio in artworks.

The data gathered from the Metropolitan Museum of Art(or the Met)’s public collections in 1989 showed that in the Modern Art sections less than 5% of the works were by female artists, while 85% of the nudes were female. Where the statistics for this design was born.

The original image that the Guerrilla Girls have brandalised is a painting called Grande Odalisque by Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres painted in 1814. The woman in this oil painting lies naked on a bed and looks seductively out from the canvas. Some argue that the fan, head wrap, fabrics and pipe add a element of exoticism to the image. To brandalise this painting the Guerrilla Girls have replaced the romanticised face with a gorilla head, which is the symbol of their cause.

They have since created more designs to say cover more mediums.



Guerrilla Girls Using Brandalism

Negativland and Copyright

Negativland is an American “experimental music band” that started in 1980. The current main band members are Mark Hosler, Richard Lyons, David Wills and Peter Conheim.negativland_2

My first impression of this band is that they live for the controversy that their music and copyright laws create. Their first big run in with a big corporation was in 1991 when they released a single called ‘U2’. Negativland were promptly sued by the band U2’s record label, Island Records, and by SST Records. The cover of this single violated trademark law, as did the song itself, called “The Letter U And The Numeral 2”. The song by Negativland is a parody of U2’s famous song “I Still Haven’t Found What I’m Looking For” and samples heavily from it. All of this brought Negativland all the fee publicity they could ever want and along with it the notoriety.u2Since then Negativland very verbal about their interest in intellectual property. In 1995 they released a 270 page book and ten track CD called “Fair Use: The Story of the Letter U and the Numeral 2”, about all that happened between themselves and U2’s record company, which lasted four years. As I research this band, I am finding it very hard to navigate around their website. I feel like I am going around in circles. Yet during my confused researching I found a introductory letter to congress from Mark Hosler about his views about “creativity and copyright“. It says that we should go back to what copyright was meant to do when it was first created. That art is not about money but about ideas and building ideas on top of those ideas. Negativland has overtime become a hero for artists and creators who are limited by copyright laws, and in away a war veteran of these laws as they keep pushing boundaries of them.

Negativland and Copyright

How I Remix With Adobe Premiere Pro

For my Final Project I wanted to focus on some sort of kaleidoscope effect. I was originally unsure of what would be in my kaleidoscope. I was invited to come watch some fireworks on a friend’s rooftop, and I took my D90 Nikon camera and zoomed to where the action was.

I put the footage in my favorite program, Adobe Premiere Pro, and searched for tutorials on YouTube. I found a video, although I found it very confusing, and managed to follow the instructions to get the look I desired.

How to Make a Kaleidoscope Effect in Adobe Premiere Pro:

  1. Apply the ‘mirror’ affect to your clip
    • -45° and 1525, 1080
  2. You then ‘nest’ your clip
  3. Copy and paste your clip so that it is on the layer above your original clip
  4. Then apply the following affects to the top nested clip:
    • ‘Horizontal flip’
    • ‘Crop’ left to 50%
    • ‘Mirror’ 90° and 1544, 540
  5. You also need to apply ‘mirror’ to the bottom nested clip
    • 90° and 1544, 540
  6. You might want to apply ‘crop’ to the bottom nested clip if you are also planning to turn the opacity of the clip down
    • Right to 50%

Screen Shot 2015-10-16 at 1.41.43 am

I got to the stage that I thought the fireworks looked abstract enough but there was not enough to look at. It was boring by itself. I found a silhouette of a woman dancing on YouTube. The video had very minimal background, and I used ‘ultra key’ to remove it. There were still shadows around the corners, no matter how much I fiddled with the sliders, so I removed most of them using ‘eight-point garbage matte’. I then inverted the video and pushed down the opacity to 40% so you could still see the kaleidoscoped fireworks. Screen Shot 2015-10-16 at 1.40.54 am

Because the opacity of the dancer I can layer the dancer up. I created this affect by starting each clip a little bit after the below it. I also altered the ‘scale’ of each dancer to make them more separate from one another. The fact that I can layer is one of the reasons I enjoy using this program so much.

Screen Shot 2015-10-16 at 1.42.25 am

At this stage I had a little bit over one minute of overall footage and I check the requirements for this assignment before exporting my finished video. I now have to add at least one more minute of footage to be within the brief. Not entirely sure what I will add to make this video better and longer.

How I Remix With Adobe Premiere Pro


Sampling is the use of a portion of a sound recording by another artist to create a remix.

If you want to sample someone’s song, you need permission from both the owner of the sound recording copyright (usually a record company or artist) and the musical work copyright (usually a music publisher or songwriter).

There is a site that specifically tells you what has been sampled and by who, called WhoSampled. This site is open to everyone to submit information about a sample, cover song or remix, and subject to approval it will be added to the database, published across our platforms, to be discovered and discussed by the world.

But of course sampling is not just music, it is in all media. Nothing is a original idea. Everybody borrows, takes inspiration, remixes work from everybody. Some people have vilified sampling and remix in general. Calling artists lazy for not creating there own content, but it is not easy to create an amazing and well received work.

Pogo (Nick Bertke) is a remix artist based in Perth, Western Australia. His remixed music has over 110 million plays on YouTube. The more popular videos being in partnership with Dysney, and they helped make Pogo an international sort affter artist. He has also performed live at the Guggenheim Museum, The Highline Ballroom and in most major cities across North America.

“I can’t really tell you how to make music, I can’t really tell you how to piece sounds together in a musical way. It’s really just something you have to feel out and I do emphasise the word ‘feel’. I don’t think you should ‘think’ music into existence.”

Pogo has perfected his remixing technique and is now a successful remix artist. He has a few tutorials that breakdown his remix videos step by step. Through the sounds and sections that comprise his tracks in the program Adobe Audition and FLStudio.